What happens when cardiac enzymes are high?
When the heart is under a threatening condition like an injury or a heart attack, it releases a particular enzyme as a defense mechanism. These enzymes work as biological identifiers. As a result, a Cardiac enzyme test is conducted so that doctors can find out if someone is suffering from heart damage. Additionally, enzymes are proteins that are created by the body to enhance a particular chemical reaction in the body. A cardiac enzyme test looks for troponin T and troponin I. Hence these are the enzymes that are created when a person is suffering from a heart attack. Moreover, ER of Watauga is also providing you with IV fluids so that you can get the treatment you deserve.
What to know about cardiac enzyme tests?
This test is specifically designed for evaluating the blood to identify cardiac enzymes in the blood. A technician will insert a needle to draw blood from the body. Afterward, the sample will be sent to the lab to analyze the cardiac enzymes. You do not prepare for the cardiac enzyme test in a special way. Additionally, doctors order this test in case of emergency if they suspect an individual might be suffering from a heart condition.
Cardiac enzymes being high:
The result of the test displays whether a person is suffering from a heart attack or not. In a normal situation, the levels of cardiac are so minimized that they are undetected. If the test results are positive, that means the person might have a heart attack. The results also assist the doctor in determining the severity of the heart injury. The more the percentage of the enzyme, the more damage to the heart. Experts measure the troponin with the nanogram per milliliter unit. The more the percentage of nanogram per milliliter found in the blood, the more possibility of a heart attack.
However, the test result may also come in negative if it is conducted immediately after the attack. As a result, your doctor may ask you to take the test again.
Other factors for high cardiac enzyme percentage:
Specialists at ER of Watauga stated that there is also another reason why the enzymes might be in high volume. Some of the main reasons are:
- Cardiac ablation.
- Cardiac stenting.
- Open heart surgery.
- Swelling of the heart muscle.
- Prolonged exercise.
- Injury or trauma to the heart muscle, like a car accident.
- Weakening of the heart muscle.
- Congestive heart failure.
- Kidney disease.
- Pulmonary embolism.
- Pulmonary hypertension.
Your doctors may suggest you take some additional tests. As mentioned before, there are some other factors too that increase the levels of cardiac enzymes. Some of the tests are mentioned below:
- Heart CT scan.
- Stress test.
- Chest X-ray.
- Other blood tests.
If the reason for high levels of cardiac enzymes is not a heart attack, the doctor will identify the condition that is causing the rise in the cardiac enzyme percentage. Afterward, the care provider may even ask you to change your lifestyle so that your heart can work in an optimum condition. However, if you are suffering from a heart attack, the individual requires treatment from the hospital or might even go under surgery to restore the blood flow to the heart. Moreover, a doctor may also prescribe specific medications if a person is suffering from a heart attack. Such as:
- Pain medications.
- ACE inhibitors.
- Antiplatelet agents to keep blood.
- Blood thinners.
- Drugs that dissolve blood clots.
What are IV fluids?
IV fluids are liquids that are injected into your body if you have dehydration or suffering from electrolyte imbalances. Water is an important factor for human anatomy as we are 60% water. If the quantity of water gets low. This means you might be suffering from dehydration. A person might need to get IV fluids if they have a critical case of dehydration. Some of the main factor that causes critical dehydration conditions are:
- Vomiting and diarrhea.
- Excessive exercise or spending too much time in high temperatures without drinking enough water.
- Having severe injuries or burns.
- During surgery, specifically when you are sleeping for a long time hence not being able to eat or drink.
What are the effects of dehydration:
When you are suffering from dehydration, the effects may include:
- Effects on skin health.
- Low physical performance.
- Also, affect the functionality of organs like the kidney, brain, and heart.
- Continuous intense headache.
- Poor gastrointestinal functionality.
- Low energy levels.
- Affecting mental capabilities.
- Balancing the crucial minerals in the body.
Symptoms of serious dehydration conditions include:
- Pee that is dark yellow and has a strong smell.
- Urinating less than normal.
- Low body temperature or blotchy look.
- Fast breathing.
- Blotchy, wrinkly, or dry skin.
- Dry tongue or lips.
- Dry eyes (no tears).
IV fluids are one of the best treatments for dehydration. Additionally, at ER of Watauga, we have all the proper tools for heart injury, like cardiac enzyme tests followed by proper treatment. Visit us now.